Finanzas

Variación del tipo de cambio del 01 al 27 Marzo 2018

tipocambiomarzo018 Fuente:B.C.H.

Se adjunta detalle de la variación en el tipo de cambio del Lempira con relación al Dolar Estadounidense, periodo comprendido entre el 01 al 27 de Marzo  del 2018.

El valor del Lempira se deprecio en  5.5 centavos, al pasar de Lps 23. 5843  a  Lps 23. 6399 por  USA $ 1.

Honduras : deuda publica a Enero 2018

deudaexternaEnero2018 Fuente: B.C.H.

DeudainternaEnero2018 Fuente: B.C.H.

Adjuntamos el monto de la deuda publica de Honduras,   que según reportes del Banco Central de Honduras  totaliza :

1- Deuda Externa Enero  2018: USA $ 6, 802. 5 millones.

2- Deuda Interna  Enero  2018: Lps  97, 759. 1 millones.

Comentarios

1- La deuda externa aumento USA $ 22.3 millones con relación al reporte de Diciembre 2017.

2- La deuda interna disminuyo Lps  2. 6 millones con relación al reporte de Diciembre 2017.

Balanza de pagos Honduras año 2017.

balanza_pagos_anual2017 Fuente: B.C.H.

Adjuntamos reporte sobre la Balanza de Pagos  de Honduras para el año 2017.

Comentarios 

1- La balanza de bienes , servicio y renta presenta un déficit de USA$ 4,873.1 millones, mayor en USA $ 283.4  millones que el 2016, según reporte adjunto.

2- La inversión extranjera directa totalizo USA $ 1,185.7 millones, mayor en USA $ 46.3 millones que lo recibido el año 2016,según reporte adjunto.  

2- Las remesas familiares, que en el 2017 totalizaron USA$ 4,305.3 millones, continúan siendo la principal fuente de ingresos para  cerrar el déficit en la Balanza de Pagos.

Observación: El pago en USA$  de los concesionamientos otorgados por COALIANZA, los contratos de suministro de energía a la ENEE y el servicio de la deuda por la próxima colocación de Bonos Soberanos  provocara mayor presión en la Balanza de Pagos, incrementando el monto del déficit en la balanza de bienes , servicios y renta.

Bloqueo de activos a corruptos y violadores de derechos humanos

Nota: mediante  el  decreto adjunto, Estados Unidos de América proporciona la mejor ayuda para el combate a la corrupción e impunidad que azota a los países de Centro y Sur América, tal como sugerimos en nuestro articulo del 11 de Junio 2017, publicado en este foro.

 Solo resta esperar los resultados, especialmente en el caso de Honduras.

https://www.whitehouse.gov/presidential-actions/executive-order-blocking-property-persons-involved-serious-human-rights-abuse-corruption/

Executive Order Blocking the Property of Persons Involved in Serious Human Rights Abuse or Corruption

Issued on:

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) (NEA), the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act (Public Law 114-328) (the “Act”), section 212(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 (8 U.S.C. 1182(f)) (INA), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,

I, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, find that the prevalence and severity of human rights abuse and corruption that have their source, in whole or in substantial part, outside the United States, such as those committed or directed by persons listed in the Annex to this order, have reached such scope and gravity that they threaten the stability of international political and economic systems. Human rights abuse and corruption undermine the values that form an essential foundation of stable, secure, and functioning societies; have devastating impacts on individuals; weaken democratic institutions; degrade the rule of law; perpetuate violent conflicts; facilitate the activities of dangerous persons; and undermine economic markets. The United States seeks to impose tangible and significant consequences on those who commit serious human rights abuse or engage in corruption, as well as to protect the financial system of the United States from abuse by these same persons.

I therefore determine that serious human rights abuse and corruption around the world constitute an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States, and I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat.

I hereby determine and order:

Section 1. (a) All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:

(i) the persons listed in the Annex to this order;

(ii) any foreign person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General:

(A) to be responsible for or complicit in, or to have directly or indirectly engaged in, serious human rights abuse;

(B) to be a current or former government official, or a person acting for or on behalf of such an official, who is responsible for or complicit in, or has directly or indirectly engaged in:

(1) corruption, including the misappropriation of state assets, the expropriation of private assets for personal gain, corruption related to government contracts or the extraction of natural resources, or bribery; or

(2) the transfer or the facilitation of the transfer of the proceeds of corruption;

(C) to be or have been a leader or official of:

(1) an entity, including any government entity, that has engaged in, or whose members have engaged in, any of the activities described in subsections (ii)(A), (ii)(B)(1), or (ii)(B)(2) of this section relating to the leader’s or official’s tenure; or

(2) an entity whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order as a result of activities related to the leader’s or official’s tenure; or

(D) to have attempted to engage in any of the activities described in subsections (ii)(A), (ii)(B)(1), or (ii)(B)(2) of this section; and

(iii) any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General:

(A) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or provided financial, material, or technological support for, or goods or services to or in support of:

(1) any activity described in subsections (ii)(A), (ii)(B)(1), or (ii)(B)(2) of this section that is conducted by a foreign person;

(2) any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or

(3) any entity, including any government entity, that has engaged in, or whose members have engaged in, any of the activities described in subsections (ii)(A), (ii)(B)(1), or (ii)(B)(2) of this section, where the activity is conducted by a foreign person;

(B) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted or purported to act for or on behalf of, directly or indirectly, any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; or

(C) to have attempted to engage in any of the activities described in subsections (iii)(A) or (B) of this section.

(b) The prohibitions in subsection (a) of this section apply except to the extent provided by statutes, or in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted before the effective date of this order.

Sec. 2. The unrestricted immigrant and nonimmigrant entry into the United States of aliens determined to meet one or more of the criteria in section 1 of this order would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and the entry of such persons into the United States, as immigrants or nonimmigrants, is hereby suspended. Such persons shall be treated as persons covered by section 1 of Proclamation 8693 of July 24, 2011 (Suspension of Entry of Aliens Subject to United Nations Security Council Travel Bans and International Emergency Economic Powers Act Sanctions).

Sec. 3. I hereby determine that the making of donations of the types of articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order would seriously impair my ability to deal with the national emergency declared in this order, and I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by section 1 of this order.

Sec. 4. The prohibitions in section 1 include:

(a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order; and

(b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

Sec. 5. (a) Any transaction that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.

Sec. 6. For the purposes of this order:

(a) the term “person” means an individual or entity;

(b) the term “entity” means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization; and

(c) the term “United States person” means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.

Sec. 7. For those persons whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be effective in addressing the national emergency declared in this order, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to this order.

Sec. 8. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including adopting rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to me by IEEPA and the Act as may be necessary to implement this order and section 1263(a) of the Act with respect to the determinations provided for therein. The Secretary of the Treasury may, consistent with applicable law, redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States. All agencies shall take all appropriate measures within their authority to implement this order.

Sec. 9. The Secretary of State is hereby authorized to take such actions, including adopting rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to me by IEEPA, the INA, and the Act as may be necessary to carry out section 2 of this order and, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, the reporting requirement in section 1264(a) of the Act with respect to the reports provided for in section 1264(b)(2) of that Act. The Secretary of State may, consistent with applicable law, redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States consistent with applicable law.

Sec. 10. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General, is hereby authorized to determine that circumstances no longer warrant the blocking of the property and interests in property of a person listed in the Annex to this order, and to take necessary action to give effect to that determination.

Sec. 11. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to submit recurring and final reports to the Congress on the national emergency declared in this order, consistent with section 401(c) of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641(c)) and section 204(c) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1703(c)).

Sec. 12. This order is effective at 12:01 a.m., Eastern Standard Time, December 21, 2017.

Sec. 13. This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

DONALD J. TRUMP

THE WHITE HOUSE,
December 20, 2017.

Variación del tipo de cambio periodo del 02 al 30 Mayo 2017

tasacambiomayo2017 (1) Fuente: B.C.H.

Se adjunta detalle de la variación en la tasa de cambio del Lempira con relación al Dolar Estadounidense, periodo comprendido entre el 02 y  30 de Mayo del 2017.

El valor del Lempira se ha apreciado en Lps 0.0047 centavos, al pasar de Lps 23.4765 a Lps 23.4718 por  USA $ 1.

El gobierno se beneficia de esta tendencia, al mantener similares ingresos en concepto de impuestos, especialmente  los rubros de :

1- Combustibles

2- Importación

3- Ventas.

El  ciudadano común y corriente, mantiene al 30 de Mayo , con referencia al 02 de Mayo  del 2017, el valor de sus ahorros en Lempiras con relación al Dolar Estadounidense.

Deuda Publica de Honduras a Noviembre 2015

DeudainternaaNov2015 Fuente: B.C.H.

DeudaexternaaNoviembre2015 Fuente: B.C.H.

Adjuntamos los valores de la Deuda Publica de Honduras a Noviembre del 2015, según reporte del Banco Central de Honduras.

1- Deuda Interna : Lps 71, 485.0 millones

2- Deuda Externa: USA $ 5,502. 6 millones

Continua vigente nuestra interrogante: ¿ por que razón crece la deuda  si se esta  reduciendo el  déficit fiscal ?

Deuda Publica a Junio 2015

DeudaexternaaJunio2015 Fuente: BCH

Deudainternaajunio2015 Fuente: BCH

Según los reportes adjuntos del Banco Central de Honduras (BCH), al mes de Junio del 2015 la deuda Publica hondureña ascendía a :

1- Deuda externa: USA $ 5,492.6 millones

2- Deuda interna: Lps 69, 341.3 millones.

La gran interrogante que debemos plantearnos es: ¿ porque sigue creciendo la deuda, si personeros del Gobierno aseguran que se ha reducido el gasto y por consiguiente el déficit fiscal ?

El tiempo dará respuesta a la misma.

Marca Pais

El concepto marca país se refiere a   una estrategia publicitaria destinada a promover la imagen  de un país, con el objetivo de :

1- Atraer turismo

2- Atraer inversión

3- Aumentar exportaciones

4-Cambiar la percepción negativa que se  tenga de un país, por acontecimientos generados en el.

Análisis realizados a distintas campañas de este tipo, especialmente en países latinoamericanos que son quienes mas las utilizan actualmente,  concluye que el éxito de las mismas se fundamenta en  2 factores básicos:

1- La credibilidad de la campaña a lo interno del país.

2- Que se cumpla, tanto a lo externo como a lo interno, lo que se ofrece en ella. El ejemplo mas claro sobre este factor es el caso colombiano, con su campaña : El ÚNICO RIESGO es que te quieras quedar. Luego del impacto inicial por lo novedoso y atractivo de la campaña, resulto que este ofrecimiento NO ERA CIERTO, por lo que se tuvo que cambiar por el actual: Realismo mágico, en alusión al estilo literario de García Marquez.

De no concretarse estos 2 factores básicos, las campañas resultan en completo fracaso, provocando mas daño que bien a la imagen del país.

El Gobierno de Honduras inicio , por un monto de Cinco ( USA $ 5.00) Millones de Dolares Americanos para este año , su campaña de marca país encargando el desarrollo de la misma a una firma inglesa  de mucha experiencia, que tiene como parte de su política corporativa NO MENTIR.

 Vale mencionar como dato interesante acerca de esta campaña, que el Gobierno Hondureño incluyo entre los mercados objetivo de la misma Rusia, India y China.

El reto es muy grande, pero si el resultado contribuye al bienestar general de los hondureños,  no de un grupo reducido, confiamos que contara con la colaboración de todos.

Que así sea.

Pronunciamiento economistas sobre acuerdo con el F.M.I.

Adjunto  pronunciamiento del Colegio Hondureño de Economistas- capitulo Nor Occidental, sobre el acuerdo con el Fondo Monetario Internacional ( F.M.I.).

PRONUNCIAMIENTO NUEVO ACUERDO CON EL FMI